Every academic work builds on a variety of sources. If you are writing a paper, essay or thesis as part of your university education, you too are expected to support your argument with insights and research results from the scholarly literature.
There are three different ways to incorporate information from sources into your writing:
Whatever technique you use, you should always cite your sources. By doing so, you give the authors the credit they deserve, and allow the reader to verify the accuracy of your claims. If you fail to cite your sources, or do so carelessly, you are guilty of plagiarism.
There are many different ways to cite sources using different citation styles. A citation style common in the social and behavioral sciences is APA Style, established by the American Psychological Association (APA). In APA, a source must be cited in two places:
This APA manual, aimed at Tilburg University students, covers key citation guidelines from the seventh edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2020), the APA's offical style guide. Among other things, the manual contains information about:
The APA guidelines do not only refer to source citation, but also to writing style, formatting, and the structure of your document. Refer to Section 5 for instructions and a sample student paper .