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Citing sources according to APA guidelines

APA Style @ TiU

2.4 (Audio)visual works


To quote directly from an (audio)visual work (e.g., an audiobook, YouTube video, TED Talk, podcast episode), provide a time stamp from the beginning of the quotation. 

  • Hours/minutes/seconds follows the format H:MM:SS
  • Minutes/seconds follows the format MM:SS
  • Where you are only using seconds (e.g., for a short clip), use a zero at the front, e.g., 0:55 for 55 seconds.

In the example below, 1:07:20 refers to 1 hour 7 minutes 20 seconds into the webinar, where the quote we want starts.

Companies thinking about adopting a green strategy should ask themselves: “is there an opportunity to ‘outgreen’ key competitors?” (Nielsen, 2023, 1:07:20).