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Citing sources according to APA guidelines

APA Style @ TiU

1.11 Software or mobile apps

No in-text citation required

If you mention (but do not quote) common software or mobile apps in the text, an in-text citation and is not necessary. What does 'common' mean? Examples are:

  • Microsoft Office (e.g., Word, Excel, Powerpoint)
  • Social media apps (e.g., Facebook, Instagram, X, TikTok)
  • Adobe products (e.g., Adobe reader, Photoshop, Adobe Acrobat).
  • Survey software (e.g., Qualtrics, Survey Monkey)
  • Statistical programs (e.g., R, SPSS or SAS)

 While citing common software or mobile apps in the text is not required, it is important to include a version number (if applicable).

SPSS Statistics (Version 29) was used to analyze the data.
Participants had installed the X app on their smartphone.

In-text citation required

If you mention specialized software or apps in the text, you do have to include an in-text citation. If applicable, include the version number in the text.

To predict the missing values for all the indicators presented in Table 3, we used Amelia II (Version 1.7.5; Honaker et al., 2018).
We used Version 5.8.0 of  ATLAS.ti Web (ATLAS.ti Scientific Software Development, 2023) to code the transcripts and generated 30 different categories from coding.
Children over the age of 12 months, particularly those with Down syndrome, articulation problems, or autism spectrum disorder, can benefit from using the speech learning app Speech blubs (Blub Blub, 2020).
  • Do not italicize the names of software or mobile apps.
  • For the corresponding reference list entries, refer to Subsection 4.7.