Academics share their theories and research findings with the academic community in many ways, for example by talking to their colleagues in the hallway or online, presenting their work at conferences, tweeting, and publishing about their work on blog sites or in popular media outlets.
But by far the most important way in which researchers inform other researchers about their work is by publishing journal articles ('papers') and books. Especially articles are siginificant types of academic writing.
That said -- academic fields differ as to the importance that is attached to articles and books. For example, in the humanities (language and literature, philosophy, history, theology) relatively more books are published than in other fields.
In order to effectively search for sources for a writing assignment, it's critical that you can quickly identify scholarly publications. Look for the following characteristics:
Watch this video (2 min.) to learn more about the purposes of source citation in science.
Students studying at the School of Humanities and Digital Sciences may be asked to use the Chicago citation style. The Tilburg School of Theology also uses Chicago. Law students pursuing a Dutch-language study are expected to use 'Leidraad voor juridische auteurs,' which can be found on the Wolters Kluwer website.