Now that you know about the ways texts persuade us, it is also important to know the difference between facts and opinions and how to recognize them.
Facts are statements that can be verified and are always objective. A fact contains no opinion of the author and a fact can be proven. For example: I pay 500 euros per month for my room.
Opinions express the meaning of an author or his attitudes or beliefs. They cannot be proven true or false. You often see opinions in controversial topics, when the future is predicted or when opinions are expressed about people, things or places. For example: 500 euros for a room is too expensive.
How to recognize a fact?
Ask yourself the following questions:
How to recognize an opinion?
The ability to distinguish between opinions and facts is very important while reading. A good reader should be aware of the purpose of the author. For example, does the author want to convince you? Entertain? Inform? If you know the author's purpose, you can be more critical of the information you get. Is the information presented as fact really a fact? Or is it the author's opinion?
Use the following questions if you want to find out what the author's purpose is:
Look at the blogs below. In each case, consider author, purpose, and intended readership. Answer the questions you have seen above.
Read the following statements and decide whether they are facts or opinions.