Informed consent is the process by which a researcher discloses appropriate information about the research so that a participant may make a voluntary, informed choice to accept or refuse to cooperate. Informed consent should be given before the start of the research. Gaining informed consent is crucial to meeting your legal and ethical obligations towards participants whilst simultaneously enhancing the value of your research data.
When you conduct interviews or use questionnaires, you should provide information about your research, and you need the respondents' permission (consent) for using the information they provide.
In the information and consent form, you are transparent about any risks that might be part of your data collection and explain:
The information and consent form contains the following required elements:
The information and consent form is typically used for respondents that are at least 17 years old and mentally competent. When you work with people under 17 or mentally incompetent adults, contact your supervisor or teacher for advice.